Chapter 1: About Guernsey
Guernsey is one of the Channel Islands located in the English Channel between France and the UK. More specifically, it is 120km off the south coast of England and 50km off the north-west coast of France. With a population of 63,026, a population density of 995 people per square km, and an area of 65 square miles, Guernsey is the second largest Channel Island.
Guernsey consists of ten parishes, including the most populated, St Peter Port, Castel, which is the largest, and Torteval – which is the smallest and least populated. These parishes, along with several neighbourhood islands including Sark, Herm and Alderney form a British Crown Dependency called the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
Although Guernsey is under the protection of the British Crown, it is not part of the UK and is an independent, self-governed island. Instead, Guernsey’s own government, the States of Guernsey (officially known as States of Deliberation) autonomously handles all matters from domestic affairs to taxation – although the British Government is responsible for foreign affairs and defence.
Only 15% of Guernsey is built upon, allowing for a diverse landscape. In the south are green fields, forests, cliffs and stunning sea views. The west is best for beach lovers and surfers, whilst the north has many common areas popular for golf and walking, and the east is home to the urban yet quaint town centre.